A technology survey report published on W3Techs revealed that PHP is used by almost 77% of all websites. This means that being a PHP web framework certainly empowers Laravel with advanced web development tools. Another report of W3Techs highlighted the popular websites that used Node.JS for their site which include Twitter, Adobe, Spotify, and ESPN.
So there’s no doubt in it that both Laravel and Node.JS are quite popular in the programming world. What we do know is that both these technologies are known for back-end development. Each of them has its unique set of features and is capable of catering to the growing demands of the web industry.
But the real dilemma comes when you can go with only one. So how do you know which one is fit for what? The answer to this lies in knowing about the fundamentals of both technologies along with a feature-based comparison.
Drawing a detailed comparison of Laravel vs NodeJS can help developers know which is going to work for what and the capability to meet the criteria of the site, app, or system in question. So let’s begin.
Laravel’s official site proclaims it to be a framework for web artisans. With significant features like a blade template engine, a strong queue system, built-in support for authentication, hassle-free integration with the Mail system, WebSockets, and automated testing, Laravel has proven itself worthy of the claim.
It has an expressive syntax and is based on the Model-View-Controller pattern which removes the requirement to write HTML codes. For someone who is relatively new to the web world and is looking for an uncomplicated beginning to web development, Laravel looks like a suitable framework.
But there are a few more exclusive traits that make Laravel stand out from other back-end development and PHP frameworks.
- Development tools like real-time event handling, dependency injection, and queues make it a progressive development framework.
- Laravel Vapor, a server less deployment platform by AWS, makes it a highly scalable framework and gives Laravel apps the capability to run seamlessly.
- Together with Inertia, Laravel can be used by developers for front-end development with React or Vue.
Node.JS serves as an excellent choice for networking applications (owing to its scalability), real-time communication apps, and browser games. The runtime environment is influenced by Python’s Twisted and Event Machine of Ruby, only that it models a better structure.
It is single-threaded and object-oriented and can handle requests better. But some classic features that impress developers are:
- Availability of plenty of modules to make coding easier
- Great for building APIs
- Efficient and quick handling of concurrent requests from users
- Extensive support system in the form of libraries, testing frameworks, and package manager
- Supported by multiple cloud-hosting platforms including Google Cloud and AWS
Laravel vs NodeJS: A Feature-Based Comparison
Now that we have the basic info on both the back-end technologies, let’s draw a feature-based comparison to know the differences between Laravel vs NodeJS.
1. Development Framework
Laravel follows a Model-View-Controller architectural pattern while Node.JS is event-driven. This means that while Node can produce, detect and react to events, Laravel is used for the development of user interfaces by dividing programming logic into three interconnected elements.
When it comes to security, Laravel gains an upper hand as it provides its own system for the protection of web applications. Laravel uses a ‘Bcrypt Hashing algorithm’ for the creation and representation of the encrypted password.
Now Node.JS offers developers several security modules and packages under npm, but they are not as robust as Laravel.
4. Customization Capabilities
5. Cross-platform Compatibility
Both Laravel and Node offer cross-platform compatibility. But Node happens to have an advantage over Laravel. That’s because besides being supported by major operating systems like Windows, macOS, and Linux, it is also supported by various renowned cloud platforms (as seen earlier).
6. Integration Options
Laravel integrates well with front-end libraries. When paired with Inertia and Livewire, it can be used for full-stack development. Node.JS does not provide any such features for integration.
7. Database Support
Laravel is good to go for the development of an app that works with MariaDB and MySQL. Node.JS on the other is ideal to work with MongoDB and Express.JS.
8. Performance and Usage
When it comes to performance, Node.JS ranks higher because of its ability to handle concurrent requests with ease. That’s the reason why it is the preferred choice for the development of communication, entertainment and networking apps.
Laravel, on the other hand, lacks the sheer flexibility of Node (only by a small gap though). Its MVC architecture makes it suitable for the development of shopping and educational apps.
9. Learning Curve
Using Laravel also requires knowledge of HTML and CSS. So for users looking to go for Laravel development, it might be tougher to find a seasoned developer.
10. Community Support
Community support makes for a crucial point as a strong community ensures finding feasible solutions to your coding problems. Although both Laravel and Node.JS thrive on the contributions of an ever-growing community, Node boasts of a larger community owing to its easy learning curve and wide usability.
Things to Consider Before the Final Selection
As back-end development platforms, both Laravel and Node.JS have their own perks. While Laravel is good on security and is good for apps that need to go big on user data, Node.JS is for apps that get more user requests. But, with pros come the cons too.
So before making your final selection, one should consider the cons too, and here are a few of them.
- Since Node.JS features asynchronous coding, not everyone is compatible working with it. So it can take time before one can gain command over this language.
- In Node.JS, sometimes, callbacks can result in nested callbacks which can create problems.
- Though Node.JS is undoubtedly a robust back-end runtime environment, it has a lesser market share compared to Laravel.
- One of the major drawbacks of Laravel is that it is slow to work with. Also, until and unless one is adept with PHP, working with Laravel can seem a wee bit tedious.
- As already mentioned earlier, customization in Laravel requires third-party tools as it lacks in-built tools for the same. So for apps that need a high degree of personalization, Laravel might not work as a suitable option.
The web world is an ever-scaling world. There have been many programming languages, development frameworks, and tools that emerged, evolved, thrived, and suddenly vanished. It needs strong support, continual evolution, a wide range of usability, and of course updated versions to keep the technology up and running.
Node and Laravel have kept up with the changing pace and continue to rein their development genres. However, if there’s one thing we all know, it’s that development in either of the platforms will require industry-trained and experienced developers.